It is really hard to imagine life around us without textiles. It is part of people’s everyday routine providing shelter and comfort, it is also a very significant part of the world's economy as it consumes the employment of hundreds and millions of people. Textile is one of the few popular growing industries of the present century that evolved into fashion, interior, and fine arts. Textile designing is all about clothing, fabrics, textiles design, manufacturing, and marketing of clothes and footwear and other textile fabrics. Due to which everyone today has a wider range of access to fashion and wants to fill their wardrobes with trendy outfits, footwear, etc. The latest brands, fads, trends, and fashion knowledge is a hot pick for people of all ages. That’s why mega textile industries are trying to build huge global networks of clothing’s so that people get more and more involved in it. They make their followers addicted to it by providing them constant change in fashion designs and fads. This change makes their customers stay and became longer and regular consumers.
Never in history, people have this much access to designing and fashion because the textile trade was not as easy as it is in present times. However, it is one of the oldest and affluent trades of all eras because it is not simple to make fabrics out of raw material.
Everyone nowadays can easily replace and buy items from expensive brands, it is known as fast fashion and currently, this concept is running globally. Fast fashion promotes quick change in clothes and design and rapidly available to people all over the world. As brands promote speedy production at lesser rates & cheap labor that increases environmental destruction far- far away. Wearing brand & textile is not the main concern but huge fast-fashion waste it produces from it. Wastage that includes hazardous dyes from clothes that leach toxic materials & chemicals into the ground.
Also, fashion firms are crazily popular for burning clothes resulting in an exponential amount of CO2. Few of the popular brand names are practicing it normally but why? Because it maintains the exclusivity of their brands. They burn clothes that don’t sell due to high enough price rather than putting those items on sale. Each year popular brands in the name of business sent up a tremendous amount of flames in the sky, that releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere around us. It makes textile industries number two in The late history of textile and clothing revealed that in the 18 th -century industrial revolution came, bringing mass-manufacturing processes and steam engines and exploits natural resources on a huge economical scale. This model is referred to as “take, make and dispose of the extractive industrial model.” This model is still used in current clothing textile industries that are extremely polluting and wasteful. Sadly, the whole system depends on it from producing, distributing and clothing majorly operates on the take-make-dispose model. Clothes that are made for a very short period are made up of high-volumes of non-renewable resources and later became part of incineration or landfill. After the clothing is made, most of the materials they are made from are lost, resulting in 87% of landfilled or incinerated causing damage of 100 billion USD.
According to the fact, more than half of the percentage of fast-fashion clothes are disposed-off in less than a year. This whole harsh process suppressed economic opportunities, waste precious resources, pollutes the environment, degrades the eco-system, and also increases societal pressure at local, regional, and global scale.
Not only industries are responsible, but also customers purchase more clothes then they need and dump clothing waste very quickly. Hence clothing is underutilized on a huge scale worldwide that harshly resulted in dramatic environmental damage and consequences, it has a destroying environmental effect. Textile industries come second largest after food industries and consume 10% of energy. Is a highly labor-intensive industry, a large number of laborers produce goods and services concerned with the production, design, and distribution of yarn, cloth, and clothing. According to the study average time people reuse clothes has decreased to 36%. Only low-income countries are utilizing clothes whereas countries like China, where the concept of cloth utilization has decreased to 70%, just like the US. Few studies reveal USD 40 billion is lost each year on thrown clothes that one can easily continue to wear. According to this study, it is estimated few clothes are discarded just after 7-8 years.
In America buying clothes increases more than tripled in the past decade since the 1960s that increases the usage of more and more natural resources, and also speeded up the cloth production process. One of the main reasons behind pollution is the rapid manufacturing of textile and clothing industries. Each year earth consumes approx. 80 billion items of clothes, it’s a global crisis. We all usually love too much clothing and trendy fashion but dark truth is the creation of way too much environmental destruction and lets also not ignore nobody likes polluted rivers by toxic dyes, extinction of species, increase in heat due to climate change, and loss of natural resources.